Bug out bags are also known as B.OB. A bug out bag is a bag that is packed and ready to go. You get bug out bags that are suitable for different lengths of time depending on what is in the bug out bag. It should have some form of food, water and shelter in it to start with. I keep water bottles near my bag so that I can fill them before I leave. You should also have some sort of way to filter and purify water. There are water purification pills, simple home made water filters, or better filters that can be bought.
FOOD: You can put what ever you want in your bag ,it should have a very long shelf life, for example tin food is a good idea but is very heavy so you can look and decide what you want to use. You can also pack your own rice and things like dry bean,lentils. It is difficult to get hold of what is known as MRE’S ( Meals Ready to Eat) in South Africa what you may know as rat packs,they are also expensive and it might be a better idea to make your own stuff up. You should also take lots of spice as it can add variety to your meal.
SHELTER : There are some different types of things you can use for shelter. You can use black builders plastic or black bags. If you want to spend a bit more you can get some good very light weight tents for hiking or tarps that can be turned into a tent quite quickly and effectively.
CLOTHES : The clothes in your bag can be old tough clothes. You can also spend some more and buy some clothes for your bug out bag, the main thing is that the clothes are tough hard wearing.
FIRE : You should have different ways to make fire, for instance water proof matches, lighter ,flint. You should also have fire starters like candles or newspaper fire lighters just some way to get the fire going.
FIRST AID KIT : Your first aid kit should have what you are comfortable with in it. You don’t need a huge one, some plasters a bandage or two and some disinfectant will do fine.
TORCH: In your bug out bag you should have some source of light. A good reliable torch is fine, a head torch is best because both hands are free to do work with. It is a good idea to have a small lantern in your tent or shelter, it is a real morale booster to have some light.
I hope you have learned something from this and remember, start off slowly, its better than not starting.Anything you have ready to go will help you.